Kaufmann House,Richard Joseph Neutra

Richard Joseph Neutra was a pioneering architect of the international style and graduated from the Technische Universität Zürich in 1917.
He believes in keeping his designs simple and clean.
His designs are characterized by straight lines and a lack of curves, seamlessly blending with the surrounding landscape.

His signature style includes the use of plate glass walls, ceilings, and deep overhangs that blur the lines between indoor and outdoor spaces.The structure presents itself as a sequence of floating white trays, characterized by abstract and machine-crafted design in the modernist international style.

The Kaufmann House external view, picture by Ashley McCorkle

Key Points of Neutra’s Architecture Style:
1. Simple Design Approach
2. Blend of Art, Landscape, and Practical Comfort in Domestic Architecture
3. Pure, Clean, and Straight Lines without Curves, Harmoniously Integrated with the Surrounding Landscape
4. Integration of Technology, Aesthetics, Science, and Nature in Modernist Architecture
5. Signature Elements: Plate Glass Walls, Ceilings, and Deep Overhangs Connecting Indoors and Outdoors

model of the house , picture by 準建築人手札網站 Forgemin, flickr.com

The Kaufmann House, constructed for Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr. in Palm Springs between 1946-1947, is a significant architectural landmark. The design of the house is straightforward, with the living and dining rooms at its core, serving as the focal point for family activities. The rest of the house extends outward like a pinwheel in all directions, with the main features facing east and west, and supporting elements facing north and south.
The architecture of the building stands as a testament to the Modernist International Style, characterized by its minimalist steel skeleton and fluid spatial arrangement. Complementing this structure, the grounds are thoughtfully adorned with an array of stones and cacti, enhancing the property’s aesthetic appeal.

Casa Monterrey, Tadao Ando

Tadao Ando‘s philosophy revolves around the significance of light in his architectural creations, emphasizing a minimalist and modern aesthetic.

He accentuates the use of thick concrete walls to define enclosed spaces, ensuring that the interior is immersive and satisfying even when the exterior walls are solid. By employing geometric shapes like squares, circles, triangles, and rectangles, Ando aims to establish a harmonious connection between his structures and the natural environment. He integrates natural elements such as light and wind into his designs to restore unity between the built environment and nature.

external view, Image from: Wallpapers.com

The five key lessons of Tadao Ando:

1. Be precise and disciplined in your work. Carefully plan and structure every detail of your designs with logic and reason.

2. Pay close attention to the surroundings and traditions of a place, blending them with your designs to create architecture that respects nature.

3. Aim to create spaces that tell a story through materials, simple forms, and a cohesive style.

4. Make ordinary spaces extraordinary, turning everyday places into meaningful symbols.

5. Strive to bring nature into your designs, creating spaces where people can connect with each other and the environment.

Floor layout of the house

Casa Monterrey is a beautiful home in Mexico, designed by the famous Japanese architect Tadao Ando. It’s special because it’s the first home he’s built in Mexico. It’s perched on a hill with breathtaking views of the Sierras Las Mitras mountains and features a modern design with geometric shapes and lots of concrete, all on a large 1500 square meter property.

Inside, it’s full of light with big windows that make you feel a part of the surrounding nature. It has lots of open spaces like terraces, an art gallery, a big library, a wine cellar, a gym, and even a pool that seems to float in the air.

Fallingwater,  Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright, renowned for his organic architecture, designed homes that harmoniously blend human living spaces with the natural environment. Characterized by broad overhangs, horizontal window bands, and central chimneys, his designs feature low-profile, open-plan structures that seamlessly integrate with their surroundings.

external view, picture by benson morgan

Frank Lloyd Wright’s “The Five Points”

1.Incorporating natural elements such as stone and wood to highlight the organic qualities that harmonize with the surrounding environment.
2. Simple Geometric Shapes: Incorporating basic forms for a clean, minimalist aesthetic.
3. Harmony with Nature: Designing buildings to be in sync with their natural surroundings.
4. Emphasis on Horizontal Lines: Utilizing strong horizontal elements to echo the landscape.
5. Concealed Entrances**: Creating hidden entries to enhance privacy and intrigue.

Fallinwater, layout of the house

This architectural masterpiece, Fallingwater, stands as a testament to modern organic architecture’s potential. Conceived by the renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1934, it nestles in the rural landscapes of Pennsylvania, approximately 80 kilometers southeast of Pittsburgh.

Is  a Weekend  home that offers stunning views of a waterfall and the countryside. The main living area leads to various extensions, including a staircase to the waterfall, terraces, and a dining space. The upper level has a bedroom with a terrace that extends beyond the lower one. Central to the home’s design is a stone tower staircase, around which the floors are arranged, blending the structure with the natural landscape.

Casa das Canoas, Oscar Niemeyer

Design Philosophy: Oscar Niemeyer aimed for a free-flowing design that embraced the land’s natural contours, allowing for transparency and integration with the surrounding vegetation.

Niemeyer revolutionized architecture with his innovative use of concrete to craft these curved designs.

The buildings stand out for their open, airy designs that blend solid structures with open spaces to form unique patterns, often supported by slender columns called piloti.

Casa das Canoas designed, Oscar Niemeyer picture by Frank van LeersumSegui

Oscar Niemeyer’s “The Five Points”

1. Construction on pillars with an open plan, providing layout flexibility.
2. Free floor plan, allowing complete freedom in the arrangement of interior spaces.
3. Dynamic facade, with the roof structure extending beyond the building’s boundaries, creating bold overhangs.
4. Organic design, adapting to the terrain and harmoniously blending with nature.
5. Large sliding glass doors, opening fully to maximize space and natural lighting.

These principles showcase Niemeyer’s innovative approach to architecture, emphasizing form freedom and integration with nature.

Casa das Canoas, Oscar Niemeyer, sketch idea

Casa das Canoas, designed by Oscar Niemeyer in 1951, Is a landmark of modern Brazilian architecture. 

Location Situated in Barra de Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro, the house sits on a hillside, offering stunning views of the bay.

A pre-existing stone anchors the staircase on one side and the pool on the other. Above, the wall supports the roof, creating a striking contrast with the rock’s ruggedness.

The house’s design flows around the rock, which acts as a balancing element. Without it, the house would lose its grounding.
The residence layout consists of two levels: private quarters below and communal spaces above, all adorned with Niemeyer’s signature curves, creating a cozy and familiar ambiance.


Casa das Canoas it’s a special design that seeks to harmonize with nature, a theme often seen in Niemeyer’s work, waiting to be discovered.

Villa Planchart, Gio Ponti

Creating a home is more than just constructing a living space; it’s about crafting an environment that resonates with the personal narrative of those who dwell within. It’s a place where functionality meets personal expression, resulting in spaces that are not only efficient but also intimately connected to the homeowner’s way of life. With this philosophy in mind, here are the essential elements to consider:

Villa Planchart Gio Ponti, pictures by Juliotavolo

Gio Ponti’s “The Five Points”

1. Reflective Living: The house should mirror the inhabitants’ lifestyle.
2.Versatile Spaces: Utilize an open plan with sliding walls for a flexible living area.
3.Outdoor Connection: Incorporate Italian-inspired porches, terraces, and balconies for indoor-outdoor harmony.
4.Furnished Windows: Design windowed walls with custom solutions for functionality and aesthetics.
5.Central Library: Include a fixed library as a hub for continuous learning and cultural enrichment.

Gio Ponti, Villa Planchart, pianta del piano terra. “Domus” 303, 1955.

Villa Planchart (1953-57)
seems to float above the hills of Caracas, with its exterior designed as if it’s made of hovering planes that play with the landscape. The walls don’t meet at the corners, giving the house an airy, open feel. This architectural choice is intentional, transforming the walls into ethereal screens detoched from the structure.
At night, the lighting makes the villa glow, emphasizing its unique design and making it look even lighter. It’s a house that’s both part of the land and a work of art in itself.

Villa Planchart as a sanctuary where the patio isn’t merely an outdoor area, but a thoughtful stage that offers selective views from within, serving as a seamless connector and a subtle divider of the living spaces.

The house is designed with precision, its visual planes meticulously oriented to harness the best of nature’s offerings—the panoramic views, the gentle winds, and the warm embrace of the sun.

The fluidity of Villa Planchart is its signature, an embodiment of the ‘open space’ concept, free-flowing and uninterrupted, with doors present only where privacy is essential.

Ville Savoye, Le Courbusier

Regarded as a masterpiece of modern architecture, the Villa Savoye stands as a testament to Le Corbusier’s visionary talent. Nestled in Poissy, on the outskirts of Paris, this structure is a celebrated example of the International Style, marking a pivotal moment in early modernist design. Completed around 1929, the Villa Savoye experienced neglect during the tumult of World War II but has been meticulously restored and now welcomes visitors from around the globe.

Exterior elevation of the villa (picture,Jean-Pierre Dalbéra)

The design of the house embodies Le Corbusier’s “The Five Points” of architecture, which articulate his principles for the modern aesthetic:
1.Pilotis: The use of reinforced concrete columns lifts the structure above the earth.
2.Roof Terrace: A flat roof serves dual purposes, providing both a protective cover and a private garden space.
3.Open Floor Plan: The absence of load-bearing walls allows for a flexible interior layout.
4.Horizontal Windows: Long, continuous windows ensure uniform natural light and cross-ventilation.
5.Free Façade: The non-structural outer wall is characterized by a slender framework filled with expansive windows.

The house’s geometry is meticulously crafted to create a seamless flow through its spaces, allowing inhabitants to fully engage with the symbiotic relationship between the structure’s forms and the dynamic interplay of light. This design philosophy not only redefines the living space but also enriches the sensory experience of the residents.

This architectural gem not only showcases Le Corbusier’s innovative approach to design but also continues to inspire architects and designers worldwide. Villa Savoye remains an enduring symbol of architectural ingenuity and elegance.